ITB Syndrome is an overuse injury and common cause of “runners knee”. It is a result from repeated trauma rather than a specific incident. ITB Syndrome can be quite painful if left untreated.
What is Iliotibial Band Syndrome?
The ITB band is a thick band of fibrous tissues that runs down the outside of your thigh which connects your hip to your knee. This tissue is essential in the stabilisation of your knee which prevents it from caving inward during movement.
When the band is overused and overloaded it causes this painful condition – ITB Syndrome. This causes irritation and inflammation between the ITB and underlying structures, when the knee moves through repetitive straightening and bending.
Causes of ITB Syndrome:
This injury can be caused by one or a number of issues such as:
- Changes to your frequency of training or activity
- Running up or down hills
- Change in running surfaces
- Training on uneven or sloping ground when running in one direction
- Running through injury
- Skipping recovery days
- Worn out footwear with limited cushioning resulting in poor shock absorption
- Excessive uncontrolled pronation in your feet where your ankles “roll in”
- Weakness in your gluteal, hips or lower leg muscles (meaning your ITB has to pick up extra load)
Signs and Symptoms of ITB Syndrome:
- Pain at the outside of your knee
- Stabbing or stinging pain along the outside of your knee
- Swelling on the outside of your knee
- Occasional tightness and pain at the outside of the hip but will have continuous pain following activity like walking, climbing, going down stairs, or moving from a sitting to standing position
Diagnosis of ITB Syndrome
The symptoms of ITB syndrome closely resemble those of tendonitis, so it is important that you’re Trained Physio are able to correctly diagnose your condition.
To diagnose ITB Syndrome your Trained Physio Perth will need to carry out a detailed clinical assessment of the lower limb to gain a better understanding of your injury.
Treatment of ITB Syndrome
The fist course of action when treating ITB Syndrome is to reduce your acute pain and inflammation as soon as possible. Once this has been achieved your Trained Physio will focus on repainting the damage, improving strength, mobility and flexibility.
Your Trained Physio will do this with a combination of treatments:
- Providing manual therapy where appropriate
- Increase muscle strength through gradual strength program
- Dry needling (when appropriate)
- Regular reviews and updates to strength program to ensure the injury does not reoccur.
Trained Physio Can Help
Our East Perth Trained Physio’s can provide a thorough assessment of your current and previous training, taking into account all lifestyle factors that may be adding to your injury or pain state. A full body assessment will identify any weakness, imbalances or loading issues which may be impacting your training.
East Perth Trained Physio
Physiotherapy has several goals including promote healing, reduce pain, avoiding aggravation, optimising physical function and global strengthening to restore normal movement patterns. To see how we can help you BOOK ONLINE TODAY